娆㈣繋鍏変复!鑰剁ǎ鐖变綘!涓婂笣绁濈浣?
鍐呭鎼滅储
銆€ 銆€ 銆€ 銆€ 銆€ 銆€ 銆€濂告帆 銆€鏂板勾
鎮ㄥ綋鍓嶄綅缃? 棣栭〉 > 鎯呮劅鍏崇埍鍥㈠ > 鍏虫€€杈呭 > 璋佹潵鏁戞晳浣狅紝寰樺緤鍦ㄨ嚜鏉€杈圭紭鐨勯潚灏戝勾

璋佹潵鏁戞晳浣狅紝寰樺緤鍦ㄨ嚜鏉€杈圭紭鐨勯潚灏戝勾

鎵爜闃呰銆€鏉ユ簮锛氫細鍛樻姇绋裤€€浣滆€咃細鏅ㄧ墽銆€2020-10-16銆€浜烘皵锛?span id=vvclick>...銆€鎴戣鎶曠

2020骞达紝瀵逛簬鍥戒汉鏉ヨ锛屾櫘閬嶇殑鍏虫敞鐐归兘鍦ㄧ柅鎯呮垨鑰呮椽鐏撅紝鍙櫎姝や箣澶栬繕鏈変竴涓兢浣擄紝鏇村€煎緱鎴戜滑鍏虫敞銆?/p>

3鏈?鏃ワ紝娌冲寳鐭冲搴勶紝涓€鍚?2宀佸鐢燂紝鍥犱负涓婄綉璇句笉绉瀬锛岃鐖舵瘝璁枼锛屼竴鏃舵兂涓嶅紑锛岃烦妤艰韩浜?

4鏈?3鏃ワ紝姹熻嫃鏃犻敗锛屼竴鍚?2宀佸コ瀛╋紝鍦ㄥ紑瀛︾涓€澶╋紝璺虫ゼ韬骸;

5鏈?鏃ワ紝闄曡タ瑗垮畨锛屼竴鍚?宀佸コ鐢燂紝鍥犱负鏃犳硶瀹屾垚鑰佸笀甯冪疆鐨勪綔涓氾紝璺虫ゼ韬骸銆?/p>

……

浠や汉浼ょ棝鐨勬槸锛屽崄鍑犲瞾鐨勫皯鐢峰皯濂筹紝浠ユ瀬绔殑鏂瑰紡缁撴潫浜嗙敓鍛姐€?/p>

鎹姤閬擄紝鍦ㄤ腑鍥斤紝姣忓勾绾︽湁10涓囬潚灏戝勾姝讳簬鑷潃銆傛瘡鍒嗛挓灏辨湁2浜烘浜庤嚜鏉€锛岃繕鏈?浜鸿嚜鏉€鏈亗銆?/p>

浠栦滑鎯虫椿涓嬪幓

鍙查搧鐢熸浘鍦ㄣ€婂姟铏氱瑪璁般€嬮噷璇磋繃锛?/p>

“涓€涓湡姝f兂姝荤殑浜猴紝涓嶄細鍐嶈杈冧汉浠浠€涔堛€備竴涓嬁姝昏鏉ヨ鍘荤殑浜猴紝浠ユ垜鐨勭粡楠屾潵鐪嬶紝骞朵笉鏄湡鐨勬兂姝伙紝鑰屾槸……杩樺湪娓存湜鐖便€?rdquo;

瑕佹槸娓存湜鐖卞嵈寰椾笉鍒板憿?瑕佹槸寰呭湪榛戞殫閲屼粛鐪嬩笉瑙佸厜鍛?瑕佹槸浣犳墍鏈夌殑鎮蹭激鍜岃糠鑼棤浜哄€惧惉鍛?

鍑枃·娴峰洜鏂槸涓€涓鍎匡紝灏忔椂鍊欑殑浠栬浜叉垰涓庢晳鍔╃珯鍍忚涪鐨悆涓€鏍疯涪鏉ヨ涪鍘伙紝鑰屼粬鐨勫懆鍥村叏鏄瘨鍝併€侀厭绮?hellip;…鍚庢潵锛屼粬琚竴瀵瑰杽鑹殑澶鏀跺吇锛屽紑濮嬫劅鍙楀埌瀹跺涵鐨勬俯鏆栥€備笉骞哥殑鏄紝浠栧湪17宀佹椂鎮d笂浜嗘姂閮佺棁鍜屽叾浠栫簿绁炵被鐤剧梾銆傚洜涓轰竴娆℃剰澶栨墦鍑伙紝瀵圭敓娲诲け鍘诲笇鏈涚殑鍑枃鍐冲畾鑷潃锛屼粬瑙夊緱璺虫渤鏄瘮杈冨鏄撶殑姝绘硶銆?/p>

19宀佺殑鍑枃鏉ュ埌閲戦棬澶фˉ锛岄潰瀵规ˉ涓嬪菇钃濈殑娴烽潰锛屼粬鐘硅鲍浜嗕竴涓嬶紝涔嬪悗杩呴€熻秺杩囨姢鏍忥紝璺充簡鍑哄幓銆?/p>

浠栧湪缁濈瑪淇′腑杩欐牱鍐欏埌锛?ldquo;濡傛灉鏈変汉鍦ㄦ垜鍘诲ぇ妗ョ殑璺笂鏈濇垜寰瑧锛屾垜灏变笉璺炽€?rdquo;閬楁喚鐨勬槸锛屽嚡鏂囨病鏈夋敹鑾疯矾浜轰滑鐨勫井绗戯紝浜庢槸浠栧喅瀹氭斁寮冪敓鍛姐€?/p>

鍑枃璇达細“鎯呯华涓婄殑鐥涙姣旇韩浣撲笂鐨勪弗閲?0涓囧€嶏紝鏄毦浠ユ姷鎶楃殑鍐呴儴鏁屼汉銆傚綋鎴戝湪妗ヤ笂鏃讹紝鑴戣閲屾湁澹伴煶楂樺枈锛屾垜蹇呴』鍘绘銆?rdquo;

“褰撴垜璺冨嚭鍘荤殑閭d竴鐬棿锛屾垜绐佺劧灏卞悗鎮斾簡銆?rdquo;钀芥按杩囩▼涓紝浠栬娉曞湪鍗婄┖涓炕韬紝璁╁弻鑵垮厛瑙︽按銆備粬鍦ㄥ墽鐥涗笅鎸f墡鐫€娴嚭姘撮潰锛屾劅瑙夎儗鍚庢湁涓滆タ杞昏交鎺ㄤ粬銆傜洰鍑昏瘉浜鸿锛屾惌鏁戜粬鐨勬槸涓€鍙捣鐙€?/p>

鍚庢潵锛屽嚡鏂囪鏃ч噾灞辩殑娴蜂笂宸¢€婚槦鏁戣捣銆傝嫃閱掑悗锛屽嚡鏂囧闄姢鐨勫吇鐖舵瘝鎵€璇寸殑绗竴鍙ヨ瘽鏄細“瀵逛笉璧枫€?rdquo;

鍥炴兂璺冨叆姘翠腑鐨勭粡鍘嗭紝浠栬锛?/p>

“鎰熻鏈?5灞傛ゼ閭d箞楂橈紝澶ф鍦ㄧ┖涓浜?绉掗挓锛屾垜閲嶉噸鍦版媿鍚戞按闈€傞偅鏄垜杩欒緢瀛愮粡鍘嗚繃鐨勬渶澶х殑鐤肩棝锛屽ソ鍍忔墍鏈夌殑楠ㄥご鍚屾椂纰庝簡銆傛浜$湡鐨勬槸涓€浠剁壒鍒棝鑻︾殑浜嬫儏锛屼竴鏃︿綘浣撻獙鍒拌繖绉嶇棝锛屾垜鐩镐俊浣犵粷瀵逛笉浼氭効鎰忓皾璇曠浜屾銆?rdquo;

浣犲彧瑕佸湪閭i噷

鍑枃·甯冮噷鏍兼柉婕旇
鍑枃·甯冮噷鏍兼柉婕旇瑙嗛鎴浘 / 鏉ユ簮缃戠粶

鍑枃·甯冮噷鏍兼柉鏄噾闂ㄥぇ妗ヤ笂鐨勪竴鍚嶅贰璀︼紝23骞撮棿锛屼粬鏇炬晳涓?00澶氫綅鑷潃鑰呫€備粬鍦ㄦ紨璁蹭腑璇翠簡涓€鍙ュ緢娓╂殩鐨勮瘽锛?ldquo;涓嶈瀹虫€曢潰瀵瑰け鏈涙姂閮佺殑浜猴紝鍥犱负浣犲彧瑕佸湪閭i噷锛屽氨鍙兘鏄粬浠殑杞姌鐐广€?rdquo;

甯冮噷鏍兼柉涔熻锛屼竴鏃︽湁浜虹珯鍦ㄥぇ妗ュ鐨勯挗绱笂锛屽湪浠栦汉鐢熸渶榛戞殫鐨勬椂鍒伙紝鍐嶈浠栧洖鏉ユ槸鏋佷负鍥伴毦鐨勩€?/p>

濡傛灉浣犱滑鐨勫浜恒€佹湅鍙嬫垨鐖变汉瑕佽嚜鏉€锛屼綘浠細鎬庝箞鍔?浣犱滑浼氳浠€涔堬紝鐭ラ亾瑕佽浠€涔堝悧?甯冮噷鏍兼柉鐨勭粡楠屾槸锛岃鍋氱殑涓嶄粎浠呮槸璇达紝鏇撮噸瑕佺殑鏄惉銆傞€氳繃鍊惧惉鍘荤悊瑙o紝涓嶈浜夎鲸銆佽矗澶囨垨鏄憡璇夐偅浜轰綘鐭ラ亾浠栫殑鎰熷彈锛屽洜涓轰綘寰堝彲鑳藉苟涓嶇煡閬撱€?/p>

2005骞?鏈?1鏃ワ紝甯冮噷鏍兼柉鎺ュ埌閫氱煡锛岃鏈変汉鍦ㄦˉ涓婂彲鑳芥兂鑷潃銆備粬绔嬪嵆璧跺埌閭i噷锛屼粬鐪嬪埌浜嗗嚡鏂?middot;璐濆笇浜氾紝浠栫珯鍦ㄤ汉琛岄亾涓娿€傚綋浠栫湅鍒板竷閲屾牸鏂椂锛屽氨绔嬪嵆缈昏繃浜鸿閬撴姢鏍忥紝绔欏湪妗ュ渚х殑灏忛挗绱笂銆?/p>

涔嬪悗鐨勯偅涓€涓崐灏忔椂閲岋紝甯冮噷鏍兼柉灏卞湪閭i噷鍚礉甯屼簹璁蹭粬鐨勬姂閮佸拰缁濇湜銆傞偅涓€澶╋紝璐濆笇浜氭病鏈夎嚜鏉€锛屼粬鑷繁鍐冲畾浠庢姢鏍忛偅杈圭炕杩囨潵锛屽啀缁欑敓鍛戒竴娆℃満浼氥€?/p>

褰撹礉甯屼簹鍥炴潵鏃讹紝甯冮噷鏍兼柉绁濊春浠栬锛?ldquo;杩欐槸涓€涓柊鐨勫紑濮嬶紝鏂扮殑鐢熷懡銆?rdquo;浠栦篃闂礉甯屼簹锛?ldquo;鏄粈涔堣浣犲洖蹇冭浆鎰?”

璐濆笇浜氳锛?ldquo;鍥犱负浣犺鎴戣锛岃€屼綘涓€鐩村湪鍚€?rdquo;

琚俯鏆栨尳鏁?/strong>

Don Ritchie
琚О涓?ldquo;缂哄彛澶╀娇”鐨凞on Ritchie浣忓湪婢冲ぇ鍒╀簹鐨勪竴搴ф偓宕栬竟銆傚湪杩囧幓鐨?0骞撮棿锛屼粬涓庨偅浜涙兂鑷潃鐨勪汉浜よ皥锛屼粠鑰岄樆姝簡160澶氳捣鑷潃浜嬩欢銆傚浘鐗囨潵婧愮綉缁?/div>

鍦ㄦ境澶у埄浜氱殑鎮夊凹娓檮杩戯紝鏈変竴澶勯櫋宄殑涓存捣鎮礀锛屼汉浠粰瀹冭捣浜嗕竴涓舰璞$殑鍚嶅瓧鍙缂?the Gap)銆傛偓宕栬竟鐨勬姢鏍忛珮绾?绫筹紝瑙傚厜鑰呭彲浠ヨ交鑰屾槗涓惧湴缈昏繃銆?/p>

璁╀汉鎰忔兂涓嶅埌鐨勬槸锛岃嚜19涓栫邯浠ユ潵锛屼笉灏戜汉閫夋嫨鍦ㄨ繖閲岀粨鏉熻嚜宸辩殑鐢熷懡銆傚洜姝わ紝杩欓噷鍙堣绉颁负“鑷潃宕?rdquo;銆?/p>

鏈変竴浣嶅彨Don Ritchie鐨勮€佷汉锛屼竴鐩翠綇鍦ㄨ嚜鏉€宕栭檮杩戠殑涓€搴т簩灞傚皬妤奸噷銆傚湪杩囧幓鐨?0骞撮噷锛屼粬涓€鐩磋嚜瑙夎嚜鎰垮湴鍦ㄨ繖閲屽畧鏈涳紝鐢ㄦ俯鏆栫殑璇濊鍜岀瑧鑴搁樆姝簡160涓噯澶囪嚜鏉€鐨勪汉銆?/p>

涓€浜涜幏鏁戠殑鑷潃鑰呭洖蹇嗭紝浠栦滑绔欏湪鎮礀杈逛笂锛屽け榄傝惤榄勪箣闄咃紝绐佺劧鍚埌涓€涓煍鍜岀殑澹伴煶锛?ldquo;浣犱负浠€涔堜笉杩囨潵鍠濇澂鑼跺憿?”浠栦滑杞繃澶存潵锛岀湅鍒颁竴寮犵瑧鑴搞€傛鏄繖寮犻檶鐢熶汉鐨勭瑧鑴革紝璁╀粬浠悓鐢熶簡娲讳笅鍘荤殑甯屾湜銆?/p>

闄岀敓浜虹殑涓€涓濇俯鏆栵紝涔熻兘鎸芥晳涓€涓喅瀹氬幓姝荤殑浜恒€傝嫢杩欐俯鏆栨潵鑷渶浜茶繎鐨勭埗姣嶃€佷翰鏈嬶紝閭d簺澶勫湪鎶戦儊鐥囨缉娑$殑浜猴紝灏辨湁浜嗘洿澶氭椿涓嬪幓鐨勫媷姘斿拰娌绘剤鐨勫笇鏈涖€?/p>

鍥犱负浣犲湪韬竟

濂芥湅鍙嬬殑濂冲効15宀佹椂锛屽紑濮嬪嚭鐜扮敤鍒€鐗囧壊鎵嬭噦鐨勭幇璞°€傚埌浜嗗澶╋紝濡傛灉濂规尳璧疯。琚栵紝寰堝鏄撶湅瑙佸皬鑷備笂鐨勪竴閬撻亾鐤ょ棔銆傝捣鍒濓紝瀹朵汉杩樹互涓哄ス鍓茬潃鐜╋紝娌″お鍦ㄦ剰锛屽悗鏉ュス鐨勮嚜娈嬭涓鸿秺鏉ヨ秺涓ラ噸锛屼互鑷充簬鍑虹幇鑷潃蹇靛ご銆傚ソ鍦ㄥス鐨勭埗姣嶅強鏃跺甫濂瑰幓灏卞尰锛屾渶缁堢‘璇婁负鎶戦儊鐥囥€?/p>

鍚庢潵锛屾垜鎵嶇煡閬撳ス浠庡皬鍒板ぇ锛屽湪瀛︽牎閲岀粡鍘嗚繃寰堜弗閲嶇殑闇稿噷銆傚ス澶栬〃闃冲厜寮€鏈楋紝鍐呭績鍗撮潪甯稿帇鎶戙€傛姂閮佺棁纭瘖鍚庯紝濂瑰嵈鎰熷埌寰堝唴鐤氾紝鍥犱负濂硅鐖舵瘝鎷呭績浜嗐€?/p>

濂圭殑鐖舵瘝绔嬪満鍧氬畾锛屼笖鏃犳潯浠跺湴鏀寔濂广€傝繖绉嶆敮鎸佷笉鏄湅濂瑰湪娴烽噷鎸f墡锛屽枈涓婁袱鍙ュ姞娌癸紝鑰屾槸璺冲叆娴蜂腑锛屾劅鍙楀ス鐨勭棝鑻︼紝鍋氬ス鏈€鍧氬畾鐨勬垬鍙嬶紝鎷界潃濂逛竴璧蜂笂宀搞€?/p>

闄即涓庢棤澹扮殑鍏崇埍锛屽浜庢姂閮佺棁鎮h€呮潵璇村崄鍒嗛噸瑕併€傚挨鍏跺浜庡瀛愭潵璇达紝娌℃湁姣斾翰浜虹殑闄即鏇磋兘鎶氭叞蹇冪伒銆傚摢鎬曞彧鏄粯榛樺湴闄湪浠栦滑韬竟锛岀敤鎷ユ姳琛ㄨ揪“浣犲鎴戝緢閲嶈”锛岄兘瓒充互璁╀粬浠劅鍙楀埌娓╂殩銆?/p>

杩欑娓╂殩锛屾垜涔熸劅鍙楄繃銆傚湪鎴?3宀佹椂锛屽洜涓鸿€冭瘯娌¤€冨ソ琚€佸笀楠傦紝鍙堣窡濂芥湅鍙嬪惖鏋讹紝杩樿鍚屾鐙犵嫚濂氳惤銆傞偅澶╁洖鍒板锛屾垜瓒村湪搴婁笂鐥涘摥浜嗕竴鍦猴紝鏅氫笂涓€涓汉璧板埌瀹舵梺杈圭殑娌宠竟锛屽潗鍦ㄦ渤鍫や笂锛岀湅鐫€鏈堝厜涓嬬殑娌虫按锛屼技涔庨偅娌虫按鍦ㄥ懠鍞ゆ垜锛?ldquo;鏉ュ惂锛岃繘鏉ュ惂锛屼綘鐨勭儲鎭奸兘浼氭病鏈変簡銆?rdquo;

閭f椂鎴戞病鏈夋妸杩欏拰鑷潃鑱旂郴鍒颁竴璧凤紝鍙槸涓€閬嶉亶鍦拌窡鑷繁璇?ldquo;濡傛灉璧拌繘鍘讳細鎬庢牱鍛?……”褰撴垜琚繖绉嶆兂娉曟姄浣忕殑鏃跺€欙紝韬綋涓€闃甸樀鍙戝喎鍍电‖锛屽鍗曠殑鎰熻涔熻秺鏉ヨ秺寮虹儓銆?/p>

鎴戜笉鐭ュ湪娌宠竟鍧愪簡澶氫箙锛岀獊鐒舵劅瑙夊悗鑳屾湁涓€鍙屾墜鐜粫鐫€鎴戯紝閭f俯鏆栫洿鍏ュ績搴曪紝璁╂垜浠庣粷鏈涢噷鎶借韩鑰屽嚭銆?/p>

鐩村埌鍚庢潵璁よ瘑涓婂笣锛屾垜鎵嶇‘淇¢偅鏄笂甯濇棤姣旀俯鏆栫殑鎵嬶紝鏄粬鍦ㄨ嚜鏉€鐨勫康澶撮棯杩囨垜鑴戞捣鏃讹紝灏嗘垜鎷藉洖鏉ャ€?/p>

娲荤潃鏄竴浠界ぜ鐗?/strong>

璁╀竴涓汉鎯宠鏀惧純鐢熷懡锛屾槸鍥犱负浠栨劅鍒板湪涓栭棿鑷繁鏄釜瀛ょ嫭鐨勫瓨鍦紝鏃犱汉鍦ㄦ剰銆傝涓€涓汉鎯宠娲讳笅鏉ョ殑鐞嗙敱鍜屽姏閲忥紝鍒欐槸鏈変汉涓庝綘涓€璧凤紝鍦ㄦ剰浣犵殑瀛樺湪銆?/p>

鎴戜滑甯稿父浠ヤ负姝讳骸灏辨槸缁撴潫鑲変綋鐨勭敓鍛斤紝涓嶅啀鎰熺煡娲荤潃鐨勬粙鍛筹紝缁撴潫涓€鍒囩殑鐥涜嫤銆備篃鏈変汉浠ヤ负姝讳骸鐨勭棝鑻﹀湪浜庡啀涔熸劅瑙変笉鍒版椿鐫€鐨勬粙鍛筹紝鑷潃灏辩瓑浜庢斁寮冪敓瀛樼殑鏈轰細锛屾槸鎳﹀急鍜屾剼锠㈢殑琛ㄧ幇銆?/p>

濡傛灉鍙槸浠庤倝浣撴劅鐭ョ殑瑙掑害鐪嬪緟姝讳骸锛屾垜浠粎浠呯湅鍒颁竴灏忛儴鍒嗐€?/p>

褰撲笂甯濆浜虹被鐨勫绁栬锛?ldquo;鍙槸鍒嗗埆鍠勬伓鏍戜笂鐨勬灉瀛愶紝浣犱笉鍙悆锛屽洜涓轰綘鍚冪殑鏃ュ瓙蹇呭畾姝汇€?rdquo;(銆婂垱涓栬銆?:17)

姝讳骸棣栧厛鍙戠敓鍦ㄤ紛鐢稿洯閲岋紝杩濊儗涓婂笣鍛戒护鐨勪簹褰撳拰澶忓▋锛屼粬浠殑鑲変綋骞朵笉鏄珛鍗虫浜★紝鍙槸浠栦滑鐨勭伒鍗磋惤鍏ラ粦鏆椾箣涓紝浠栦滑鎯婃亹鍦拌翰閬夸笂甯濈殑闈€?/p>

璁╀竴涓汉鏀惧純鐢熷懡锛屽洜涓轰粬瑙夊緱娌℃湁涓€涓汉鐖变粬銆傚彲杩欐鏄浜$殑璋庤█锛屽垱閫犱富鏃犳瘮鐝嶈姣忎竴涓敓鍛姐€傛浜′娇浜轰笌鐖遍殧绂伙紝涓婂笣灏变互鍩虹潱鐨勬璐ュ潖姝荤殑鏉冨娍锛屼互鍩虹潱鐨勮垗鍛芥潵鎷晳鐢熷懡锛屼负鐨勬槸甯︽垜浠粠姝讳骸閲岃蛋鍑烘潵銆?/p>

娲荤潃涓嶆槸涓€绉嶉€夋嫨锛岃€屾槸涓€浠界ぜ鐗╋紝鏄敓鍛戒箣涓诲皢浠栫殑姘旀伅鍚硅繘鎴戜滑閲岄潰锛岃鎴戜滑娲诲嚭涓扮洓鐨勭敓鍛斤紝娲诲湪浠栫殑鍚屽湪閲岋紝浠庣幇鍦ㄧ洿鍒版案杩溿€?/p>

銆?a href="Javascript:void(0)" name="Submit" id="Submit" onclick='copyToClipBoard()' rel="nofollow">鍙戠粰濂藉弸銆? 銆?a href="/plus/stow.php?aid=16740" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">鏀惰棌銆? 銆?a href="/plus/recommend.php?aid=16740" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">鎺ㄨ崘銆? 銆?a href="/plus/erraddsave.php?aid=16740&title=璋佹潵鏁戞晳浣狅紝寰樺緤鍦ㄨ嚜鏉€杈圭紭鐨勯潚灏戝勾" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">鎸戦敊銆? 銆?a href="/plus/feedback.php?aid=16740" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">璇勮銆? 銆?a href="#" onClick="window.print();" rel="nofollow">鎵撳嵃銆? 銆?a href="#" onClick="window.close();" rel="nofollow">鍏抽棴銆? 銆?a href="/mynew.php?id=13" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">鎶曡瘔銆?/h2>

鏈€鏂版枃绔?/h1>

鍥炬枃鏂囩珷

鐑偣鎺ㄨ崘

Copyright © 2008-2020 Jnmd.org Inc All Rights Reserved 銆€杩﹀崡缇庡湴銆€
濡備粖甯稿瓨鐨勬湁淇★紝鏈夋湜锛屾湁鐖憋紱杩欎笁鏍凤紝鍏朵腑鏈€澶х殑鏄埍銆?/div>