娆㈣繋鍏変复!鑰剁ǎ鐖变綘!涓婂笣绁濈浣?
鍐呭鎼滅储
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鍗椾含澶у睜鏉€鏃舵湡鐨勫コ鑻遍泟鈥斺€旈瓘鐗圭惓

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1937骞?2鏈堣嚦1938骞?鏈堢殑鍗椾含澶у睜鏉€锛屾槸涓€娈典腑鍥戒汉娌¢娇闅惧繕鐨勬偛鎯ㄥ巻鍙层€傛棩鏈啗闃熷湪鍗椾含鐑ф潃銆佹姠鎺犮€佸ジ娣紝鏁村骇鍩庡競娌︿负浜洪棿鍦扮嫳锛屽ぇ绾︽湁30涓囦腑鍥界櫨濮撹鏉€瀹炽€傚湪杩欏嵄闅炬椂鍒伙紝绔熸湁27鍚嶈タ鏂逛汉鐣欏畧鍦ㄥ崡浜紝鍏朵腑涓€浣嶆槸鏉ヨ嚜缇庡浗鐨勪紶鏁欏+鏄庡Ξ·榄忕壒鐞?Wilhelmina“Minnie”Vautrin锛?886–1941)銆傚ス涓嶉【鑷韩瀹夊嵄锛屽叏蹇冨叏鍔涙敹瀹逛簡涓€涓囧鍚嶅濂冲効绔ュ垢鍏嶄簬闅撅紝鎴愪负鍗椾含姘戜紬蹇冪洰涓殑濂宠嫳闆勩€傚ス鎵€鐣欎笅鐨勬棩璁版墜绋匡紝蹇犲疄璁板綍浜嗘棩鏈啗闃熷湪鍗椾含鐨勬毚琛岋紝鎴愪负杩欏満鎯ㄧ粷浜哄澶у睜鏉€鏈€鏈夊姏鐨勫巻鍙茶璇併€?/p>

鏄庡Ξ·榄忕壒鐞?Wilhelmina“Minnie”Vautrin锛?886–1941)

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1937骞?鏈堝崲娌熸ˉ浜嬪彉鐖嗗彂锛屽睍寮€浜?骞存姉鎴樼殑搴忓箷銆傛湁閴翠簬鎯呭娍鏃ヨ秼绱у紶锛岄瓘鐗圭惓浠?937骞村紑濮嬪啓鏃ヨ锛屼笉璁哄綋澶╁伐浣滃绻佸繖銆佽韩蹇冨鐤茬疮锛岀敋鑷宠繕鏃跺父韬茬┖琚€岃鎵撴柇锛屽ス浠嶅潥鎸佷笉鎳堝湴璁板綍锛屽苟涓旀瘡涓湀瀹氭湡灏嗘棩璁伴偖瀵勭粰缇庡浗濂藉弸锛屼互渚夸粬浠簡瑙d腑鍥界殑鏃朵簨銆傝繖涓範鎯竴鐩存寔缁埌1940骞?鏈堜负姝€?/p>

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鍦ㄨ繖娈垫儴娣°€侀粦鏆楃殑鏃ュ瓙閲岋紝榄忕壒鐞冲嚑涔庢瘡鏃ラ兘鍦ㄩ噾濂冲ぇ缁勭粐绁峰憡浼氭垨宕囨嫓锛屾暀杩欎簺閬块毦鐨勫濂冲効绔ヨ缁忋€佸敱璇楋紝瀹夋叞浠栦滑鍙楀垱鐨勫績鐏碉紝甯姪浠栦滑鍦ㄨ嫤闅句腑瀵绘壘鐩兼湜銆傜劧鑰岋紝闀挎湡澶勫湪楂樺害瀵嗛泦銆佺揣寮犵殑宸ヤ綔鍘嬪姏涓嬶紝榄忕壒鐞崇梾鍊掍簡銆傚湪濂规棩璁扮殑鏈€鍚庝竴椤碉紝1940骞?鏈?4鏃ュス鍐欓亾锛?ldquo;鎴戝揩瑕佺瓔鐤插姏灏戒簡銆備互鍓嶏紝铏界劧宸ヤ綔杩涘睍缂撴參锛屼絾杩樿兘鏈夋楠ゅ湴鍒跺畾宸ヤ綔璁″垝锛岃€岀幇鍦ㄨ繛杩欎簺涔熷仛涓嶅埌浜嗭紝鍙屾墜涔熶笉鍚娇鍞?hellip;”銆備袱鍛ㄥ悗锛岄瓘鐗圭惓绮剧宕╂簝锛屽湪澶氭柟鍔濊涓嬶紝涓嶅緱涓嶅洖缇庡浗淇吇銆?/p>

1941骞?鏈?4鏃ワ紝璺濆ス绂诲紑鍗椾含涓€鍛ㄥ勾閭eぉ锛?5宀佺殑榄忕壒鐞冲湪鐙眳鐨勫叕瀵撴埧闂撮噷锛岃嚜宸辨墦寮€鐓ゆ皵锛屼腑姣掕€屾銆傚ス鐨勬灂杈规斁鐫€涓€寮犲ス鍜岄伩闅惧効绔ョ殑鐓х墖锛屼笂闈㈡簿婊′簡娉按銆傚ス鐨勫纰戝埢鏈?ldquo;閲戦櫟姘哥敓”鍥涗釜姹夊瓧銆?/p>

榄忕壒鐞冲湪鍗椾含澶у睜鏉€鏈熼棿锛屽鍕囨晳鍔╅毦姘戠殑涓惧姩锛岃耽寰椾簡鍗椾含甯傛皯鍜屼腑鍥戒汉姘戠殑鐖辨埓銆傚崡浜枃鐞嗗闄㈡牎鍖哄唴绔栫珛鐫€濂圭殑闆曞儚锛屼竴浜涚數褰卞拰鐢佃璁板綍鐗囦腑鍙互鐪嬭濂圭殑韬奖銆傚ス瀵逛腑鍥介偅浠界壓鐗茬殑鐖憋紝姘歌繙娲诲湪浜轰滑鐨勫績涓€?/p>

榛樻兂/璁ㄨ

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2.榄忕壒鐞冲洜鍦ㄤ腑鍥界洰鐫圭殑鎯ㄧ姸锛岀焦鎮d簡涓ラ噸鐨勫咖閮佺棁锛岀珶鐒惰嚜鏉€韬骸銆備綘杩欎欢浜嬶紝鏈変粈涔堟劅鍙楀拰鐪嬫硶?

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