娆㈣繋鍏変复!鑰剁ǎ鐖变綘!涓婂笣绁濈浣?
鍐呭鎼滅储
銆€ 銆€ 銆€ 銆€ 銆€ 銆€ 銆€濂告帆 銆€鏂板勾
鎮ㄥ綋鍓嶄綅缃? 棣栭〉 > 鏁欎細浜嬪伐 > 甯冮亾瀹f暀 > 鎷ㄥ紑浜戦浘瑙侀潚澶┾€曗€曞睍鏈涜绋嬪鏁欒姝hВ

鎷ㄥ紑浜戦浘瑙侀潚澶┾€曗€曞睍鏈涜绋嬪鏁欒姝hВ

鎵爜闃呰銆€鏉ユ簮锛氫細鍛樻姇绋裤€€浣滆€咃細灞曟湜涓枃銆€2020-10-09銆€浜烘皵锛?span id=vvclick>...銆€鎴戣鎶曠

缂栨敞锛?/p>

杩戞棩鏈夌墽鑰呭弽搴旓紝浠ュ線璋堝埌瀹f暀锛岄€氬父鏄寘鎷悓鏂囧寲銆佽繎鏂囧寲鍜岃法鏂囧寲锛屼絾鏁欎細涓竴浜涗細鍙嬪弬鍔犺繃钁楀悕鐨勫鏁欒绋婸erspectives(銆婂睍鏈涜绋嬨€嬫垨绉般€婂鏁欏績瑙嗛噹銆?鍜孠airos(銆婃妸鎻℃椂鏈恒€?鍚庯紝鍥炲埌鏁欎細锛屽彧璁ゅ畾璺ㄦ枃鍖栧鏁欐墠鏄鏁欙紝浠庝簨璺ㄦ枃鍖栫殑瀹f暀澹墠绠楀鏁欏+銆傝繖绉嶇湅娉曚篃褰卞搷鍒版暀浼氱殑瀹f暀绛栫暐锛屽彧鏀寔璺ㄦ枃鍖栫殑浜嬪伐鍜屽鏁欏+銆傞偅涔堬紝搴斿浣曠湅寰呮浜?

鎰熻阿涓婂笣浣跨敤涓枃Perspectives鎴愪负鍏ㄧ悆鍗庝汉瀹f暀鍔ㄥ憳鍜岄棬寰掑煿璁殑宸ュ叿銆傛湰鏂囨兂浠ユ湁闄愮瘒骞呮潵瑙i噴Perspectives甯歌鐨勮鍖恒€?/p>

涓枃Perspectives浜?005骞存寮忚惤鍦帮紝鍦ㄨ繃鍘诲嚑骞撮棿褰卞搷浜嗗ぇ閮ㄥ垎姹夎鍥藉銆傛暣涓炕璇戦」鐩強鏈湡鍔ㄥ憳浜嬪伐鐨嗘槸搴斿唴鍦版暀浼氶琚栫殑瑕佹眰銆傝嚜璇剧▼鍑虹増浠ユ潵锛屽彇寰椾簡閲嶅ぇ杩涘睍銆傚湪鍙版咕灏卞畬鎴愯秴杩?00涓彮锛屼笖姣曚笟鐨勬牎鍙嬫€绘暟浼拌瓒呰繃4000浜恒€?/p>

鐜版湁鐨勪腑鏂囩増銆婂睍鏈涜绋嬨€嬫槸浠庣鍥涚増鑻辫鏂囩尞 (reader) 鍜岀爺璇绘墜鍐?(study guide) 鐩存帴缈昏瘧骞剁嫭绔嬪嚭鐗堢殑銆傜炕璇戝伐浣滃彲璋撶┖鍓嶏紝缈昏瘧鍥㈤槦鎴愬憳鍖呮嫭浜嗕袱宀镐笁鍦般€侀瀵煎鏁欑殑涓撳瀛﹁€呭拰椤跺皷鐨勭炕璇戝憳銆傚湪涓嶅埌4骞村唴锛屽畬鎴愮殑瀛楁暟鎺ヨ繎涓枃鍦g粡鏂囨湰銆傜炕璇戝伐浣滅殑椤哄埄寮€灞曪紝涔熷緱鐩婁簬澶ч檰鍜屽彴婀惧湴鍖虹殑缂栬緫浜烘墠锛屼粬浠繃鍘诲嚭鐗堜簡澶ч噺鐨勭瀛﹀拰瀹f暀钁椾綔锛屾墍浠ョ粡楠屼赴瀵屻€?/p>

銆婂睍鏈涜绋嬨€嬬殑鍐呭涓嶅彧鏄枃鐚紝“鐮旇鎵嬪唽”鏇翠负涓捐冻杞婚噸銆傝绋嬩笉鏄竴鏈敹闆嗕簡缁忓吀瀹f暀璁鸿堪鐨勫浘涔﹂鏂囩尞鍚堥泦锛屽鏁欏姩鍛樺拰闂ㄥ緬璁粌鎵嶆槸璇剧▼鐨勬渶缁堢洰鏍囥€傝濡傚鐢熼€氬父涓嶄細娴忚鐨勮甯堟寚鍗楋紝璁蹭箟PowerPoint绛夛紝涔熸槸璇剧▼鐨勯殣钘忓疂钘忥紝鍙皳鍚屾牱閲嶈銆?/p>

1974骞磋嫳璇増Perspectives璇剧▼鍙戝竷浠ユ潵锛屽湥缁忋€佸巻鍙层€佹枃鍖栧拰绛栫暐瑙傜偣鐨勫熀纭€鏋舵瀯宸茬粡鎴愪负鍏ㄧ悆瀹f暀鏂囨湰鐨勬爣鏉嗐€傛腐鍙板嚭鐗堢殑瀹f暀涔︾睄锛岄兘浠ユ涓哄ぇ绾层€?/p>

鍦g粡鍩虹涓烘暣涓绋嬪瀹氫簡閲嶈鐨勬牴鍩恒€傚湪绗?璇句粙缁嶅ぇ浣垮懡鐨勪富棰樹箣鍓嶈繕鏈?璇俱€傜1璇剧殑閲嶇偣鏄簹浼叞鐨勫懠鍙紝寮鸿皟璧愮涓囨皯涓庣浠界殑浼犳壙(鍙傘€婂垱銆?2锛?-3)銆傜2璇剧户缁帰璁ㄤ竴涓繁灞傜殑绁炲闂鈥曗€曠鐨勮崳鑰€鍙婂叾涓庡鏁欑殑鍏崇郴銆傜3璇炬彁鍑轰簡鍙︿竴涓噸瑕佺殑璇濋鈥曗€曚笂甯濈殑鍥藉害锛屽挨鍏舵槸鍥藉害宸茬劧鏈复 (already-not yet)鐨勬湰璐ㄣ€?/p>

杩欎簺鍩虹閮芥槸鑷冲叧閲嶈鐨勶紝鍥犱负璇剧▼鐨勫湥缁忚閲?绗?鑷崇5璇?骞舵病鏈夊畾涔夊鏁欍€傚鏋滄湁鐨勮瘽锛屽鏁欏彧鑳藉畾涔変负涓婂笣鐨勪娇鍛?(missio Dei) 銆備竾姘戦兘琚個璇峰姞鍏ョ鐨勮繖涓€浼熷ぇ璁″垝锛屽氨鏄负涓囨棌甯︽潵绁濈锛屽ソ璁╂瘡涓皯鏃忛兘鍙互鍦ㄦ案鎭掗噷鏁嫓涓婂笣銆?/p>

閭d箞銆婂睍鏈涜绋嬨€嬭繕鏄互1980鍜?990骞翠唬缇庡浗鍗庝汉鏁欎細鏅亶鐞嗚В鐨勫畾涔夋潵璋堣瀹f暀鍚?鍗虫寜鐓у悓鏂囧寲锛岃繎鏂囧寲鍜岃法鏂囧寲鐨勫垎绫绘潵鐞嗚В瀹f暀銆傜畝鑰岃█涔嬬瓟妗堟槸鑲畾鐨勶紝璇剧▼纭疄鏄敤杩欎笁涓瘝姹囨潵鎻忚堪瀹f暀銆傛枃鐚鍥涘唽“绛栫暐瑙嗛噹”鐨勭涓€绡囨枃绔狅紝灏辨槸鏂囩尞84绔犮€婂畬鎴愰噸浠烩€曗€曟湭寰椾箣姘戠殑鎸戞垬銆?娓╁痉&钁涘崥瑗?涓鸿绋嬬 9 璇炬彁渚涗簡寰堝ぇ閮ㄥ垎鐨勬暀瀛﹀唴瀹广€?涓嬪浘灏辨憳褰曡嚜銆婂鏁欏績瑙嗛噹銆嬫枃鐚鍥涘唽84绔?9椤点€?

涓€鑸鏁欏拰鎷撹崚瀹f暀

璇锋敞鎰廍-1锛孍-2鍜孭-1锛孭-2鍦‥-鏍囧昂鍜孭-鏍囧昂涓婃槸濡備綍瀹氫箟鐨勩€備粬浠氨鏄悓鏂囧寲锛岃繎鏂囧寲鍜岃法鏂囧寲浜嬪伐銆?/p>

閭g紪娉ㄤ腑鎻愬埌鐨勮繖涓灞曟湜鐨勮瑙f槸鎬庝箞鏉ョ殑鍛?杩欏拰璇剧▼绗節璇句互鍙婃枃鐚84绔犻噸鐐硅璁虹殑棰樼洰鏈夊叧銆傚叧閿湪浜庛€婇┈澶闊炽€?4绔?4鑺傜殑瀹炵幇锛屽嵆鎴戜滑濡備綍鐞嗚В“杩欏ぉ鍥界殑绂忛煶瑕佷紶閬嶅ぉ涓嬶紝鍚戜竾姘戜綔瑙佽瘉锛岀劧鍚庣粨灞€鎵嶆潵鍒?rdquo;(鍦g粡鏂拌瘧鏈??鍦ㄨ繖绔犱腑鎴戜滑濡備綍鐞嗚В“缁撳眬”鎴?ldquo;缁撴潫”涓€璇嶅憿?鏂囩尞缁欎簡鎴戜滑浠ヤ笅鐨勭瓟妗堬細

绠€鍗曟潵璇达紝“缁撴潫”浠诲姟涓€璇嶆寚鐨勬槸宸ヤ綔“瀹屾瘯”銆傚湪20涓栫邯70骞翠唬锛岀寮€濮嬭璁稿浜虹湅瑙侊紝鍦ㄦ瘡涓€涓棌缇や腑閮藉疄鐜板鏁欑殑绐佺牬锛屾槸鏈€璧风爜涓斿熀鏈殑浠诲姟锛屼篃鏄竴椤瑰繀瀹氳兘澶熷畬鎴愮殑浠诲姟銆?瑙併€婂鏁欏績瑙嗛噹銆嬫枃鐚鍥涘唽84绔?8椤?

鍥犳锛屽湪杩欎釜璁ㄨ涓紝鍓嶇嚎鐨勫樊浼犱簨宸ヤ互鍙婂悜鏈強涔嬫皯浼犵闊筹紝閮芥槸瀹屾垚鎴栫粨鏉熶娇鍛界殑蹇呰鏉′欢锛屽彧鏈夎繖鏍风殑璺ㄦ枃鍖栧鏁欐墠鑳芥弧瓒炽€婇┈澶闊炽€?4锛?4鐨勮姹傘€傝繖缁濋潪鍓婂急鍚屾枃鍖栧拰杩戞枃鍖栦簨宸ョ殑閲嶈鎬э紝鍙槸琛ㄧず濡傛灉鎴戜滑鍙仛鍚屾枃鍖栧拰杩戞枃鍖栦簨宸ワ紝灏变笉鑳藉畬鎴愩€婇┈澶闊炽€?4绔?4鑺傜殑鎵樹粯銆?/p>

鏂囩尞绗洓鍐?4绔?1椤电殑鍥捐〃涔熻В閲婁簡杩欓棶棰樸€?0%鐨勫鏁欒祫婧愰兘闆嗕腑鍦ㄥ悜宸插緱涔嬫皯鐨勪竴鑸鏁欏拰甯冮亾涓婏紝杩欏瀹炵幇銆婇┈澶闊炽€?4锛?4姣棤甯姪銆傛垜浠璁よ瘑鍒版澶勬墍寮曠敤鐨勭爺绌舵槸鍦ㄨ繎骞村叴璧风殑宸仯鍥藉鍑虹幇涔嬪墠杩涜鐨勶紝杩欎簺鍥藉(鍖呮嫭涓浗)瀵?ldquo;浠庡叏鍦板埌涓囬偊” (From Everywhere to Everywhere)鐨勫懠鍚佹湁鏋佹闈㈢殑鍝嶅簲銆?/p>

铏界劧娌℃湁绉戝缁熻鐮旂┒锛屼絾鍗庝汉鍔ㄥ憳鑰呬竴鑷磋涓?0涓腑鍥藉鏁欏+涓紝鍙兘鍙湁涓€涓槸琚樊娲惧仛鍚屾枃鍖栧鏁欎簨宸ョ殑銆傝櫧鐒朵篃鏈変竴浜涗紶閬撹€呭湪浠栦滑鍘熺敓鐨勬枃鍖栫幆澧冧腑寤虹珛鏁欎細锛岀劧鑰屼腑鍥芥暀浼氬姝ゆ槸鍐犱互妞嶅爞甯冮亾涔嬪悕锛岃€岄潪鎵€璋撳鏁欏+鐨勫ご琛斻€?/p>

鍏跺疄鍦ㄦ暣鏈绋嬩腑骞舵湭鐗瑰埆鐫€閲嶅悓鏂囧寲銆佽繎鏂囧寲鍜岃法鏂囧寲鐨勫尯鍒嗭紝鑰屼笖鍦ㄦ暣涓绋嬬粨鏉熸椂锛屽紩鐢?ldquo;浣垮懡浜虹敓”(銆婂鏁欏績瑙嗛噹銆嬫枃鐚鍥涘唽126绔?58-261椤?鎸囧嚭鑳告€€鏅笘鐨勫熀鐫e緬鍜屾暀浼氬彲浠ユ湁鐨?绉嶇敓娲绘柟寮忥細鍓嶅線(Going)锛屾杩?Welcoming)锛屽樊閬?Sending)鍜屽姩鍛?Mobilizing)銆傞棶棰樼殑閲嶇偣涓嶅湪浜庝竴浣嶈兏鎬€鏅笘鐨勫熀鐫e緬璇ュ幓鍝噷锛屽弬涓庝粈涔堜簨宸ワ紝鑰屽湪浜庝釜浜轰笌绁炰负鍙嬨€佸韬簬绁炵殑瀹f暀浣垮懡銆?/p>

鑳告€€鏅笘瀹f暀鐨勫熀鐫e緬姣忓ぉ閮界揣绱ц窡闅忎富锛屼互鍩虹潱鐨勬櫘涓栧ぇ宸ヤ负瓒呰秺涓€鍒囩殑棣栬浠诲姟銆傚苟浠ユ浣滀负鐢熸椿鐨勫噯鍒欍€?銆婂鏁欏績瑙嗛噹銆嬫枃鐚鍥涘唽124绔?50椤?

杩欐槸灞曟湜璇剧▼鐨勯噸鐐广€傚鏁欎笉鍦ㄤ簬鍙備笌鍚屾枃鍖栵紝杩戞枃鍖栨垨璺ㄦ枃鍖栫殑浜嬪伐锛岃€屾槸浼椾俊寰掑韬簬涓婂笣鐨勪娇鍛姐€傛垜浠复鏈涙墍鏈変腑鍥戒俊寰掓椿鎴愯兏鎬€鏅笘鐨勫熀鐫e緬锛屽姞鍏ラ偅瀹炵幇銆婂惎绀哄綍銆?绔?鑺傜殑澶ч槦浼嶄腑鍘汇€?/p>

娉細銆婃妸鎻℃椂鏈恒€嬮娓悓宸ョ畝鍗曞洖澶嶅涓嬶細

浠ヤ笅鏄疜airos寮曡█鍏朵腑涓夊紶powerpoint锛屽湪绗?璇惧皢澶т娇鍛界畝鍗曞尯鍒嗕负鍚屾枃鍖栧拰璺ㄦ枃鍖栫殑锛岃鍒咵1锛孍2锛孍3銆?/p>

绁炴晳璧庣殑蹇冩剰
绁為€氳繃鎵€鎷i€夌殑缇や綋鏉ュ疄鐜扮鐨勬晳璧庤鍒? width=
鏅笘瀹f暀鐨勭姸鍐? width=

涓嶈繃鏁翠釜璇剧▼鏄庢樉鐐瑰嚭璺ㄦ枃鍖栧鏁欑殑璧勬簮浜烘墜涓嶈冻绛夐棶棰橈紝椤昏澶у鍚堜綔鍔姏鎵嶈兘瀹屾垚澶т娇鍛姐€?/p>

銆?a href="Javascript:void(0)" name="Submit" id="Submit" onclick='copyToClipBoard()' rel="nofollow">鍙戠粰濂藉弸銆? 銆?a href="/plus/stow.php?aid=16703" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">鏀惰棌銆? 銆?a href="/plus/recommend.php?aid=16703" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">鎺ㄨ崘銆? 銆?a href="/plus/erraddsave.php?aid=16703&title=鎷ㄥ紑浜戦浘瑙侀潚澶┾€曗€曞睍鏈涜绋嬪鏁欒姝hВ" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">鎸戦敊銆? 銆?a href="/plus/feedback.php?aid=16703" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">璇勮銆? 銆?a href="#" onClick="window.print();" rel="nofollow">鎵撳嵃銆? 銆?a href="#" onClick="window.close();" rel="nofollow">鍏抽棴銆? 銆?a href="/mynew.php?id=13" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">鎶曡瘔銆?/h2>

鏈€鏂版枃绔?/h1>

鍥炬枃鏂囩珷

鐑偣鎺ㄨ崘

Copyright © 2008-2020 Jnmd.org Inc All Rights Reserved 銆€杩﹀崡缇庡湴銆€
濡備粖甯稿瓨鐨勬湁淇★紝鏈夋湜锛屾湁鐖憋紱杩欎笁鏍凤紝鍏朵腑鏈€澶х殑鏄埍銆?/div>